Fast Facts

1. Wolves eat a minimum of 17.5 lbs of meat per wolf week.
2. Wolves reproduce much faster than other predators, average 38% growth per year.
3. Wolves are not endangered in North America with population over 65,000, according to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. www.fws.gov


In addition to the wolf control methods the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife can utilize per the Washington Wolf Management and Conservation Plan (see the tab on our website), any citizen may kill a wolf if it is attacking domestic animals. The conditions of the provision are:

WAC 232-36-052, Killing Wolves Attacking Domestic Animals

The commission is authorized, pursuant to RCW 77.36.030, to establish the limitations and conditions on killing or trapping wildlife that is causing damage on private property. The department may authorize, pursuant to RCW 77.12.240 the killing of wildlife destroying or injuring property. Killing wildlife to address private property damage is subject to all other state and federal laws including, but not limited to, Titles 77 RCW and 232 WAC.

(1) An owner of domestic animals, the owners immediate family member, the agent of an owner, or the owners documented employee may kill one gray wolf (Canis lupus) without a permit issued by the director, regardless of its state classification, if the wolf is attacking their domestic animals.

(a) This section applies to the area of the state where the gray wolf is not listed as endangered or threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act.

(b) Any wolf killed under this authority must be reported to the department within twenty-four hours.

(c) The wolf carcass must be surrendered to the department.

(d) The owner of the domestic animal must grant or assist the department in gaining access to the property where the wolf was killed for the purposes of data collection or incident investigation.

(2) If the department finds that a private citizen killed a gray wolf that was not attacking a domestic animal, or that the killing was not consistent with this rule, then that person may be prosecuted for unlawful taking of endangered wildlife under RCW 77.15.120.

(3) In addition to the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, the director may authorize additional removals by permit under the authority of RCW 77.12.240.


To see a larger version of this map, visit: http://www.spokesman.com/blogs/outdoors/2015/mar/06/report-washingtons-wolves-increased-30-percent-2014/

Washington 2015 16 packs, 5 breeding pairs, 68 total wolves

In the Eastern third of Washington State, the wolf is only listed on the Washington State Endangered Species List. In the other two thirds of the state, the wolf is both state and federally listed. The dividing line between East and West is roughly HWY 97 starting at the Canadian border and heading south through Okanogan County. Confirmed livestock kills since 2012 have included 18 calves and 34 sheep. Unconfirmed kills put the number of cattle at over 70 and sheep losses at over 300, averaging $100,000 in losses for each ranch that has had repeated problems with wolves.

To see a larger version of the maps visit: http://dfw.state.or.us/Wolves/population.asp and http://www.dfw.state.or.us/wolves/

Oregon 20149 packs, 14 breeding pairs, 64 wolves. As of Dec 31, 2013, 75 livestock or domestic animals are confirmed to have been killed by wolves in Oregon since wolves began returning to the state in the late 1990s. Two wolves in Baker County killed 30 domestic animals (28 sheep, 1 calf and 1 goat) during the spring and summer of 2009. The Imnaha, Umatilla River and Snake River wolf packs have also killed livestock.  See the livestock loss investigations page for summaries of investigations and more information.(Info sourced from http://www.dfw.state.or.us/Wolves/faq.asp) Wolves are only state protected in the eastern corner of the state and both state and federally protected in the other two-thirds, similar to the situation in Washington State. Click here to view a copy of Oregons Wolf Conservation and Management Plan: http://www.dfw.state.or.us/Wolves/docs/Oregon_Wolf_Conservation_and_Management_Plan_2010.pdf

Idaho 2014107 wolf packs, 20 breeding pairs producing a minimum of 166 pups, 659 total wolves. Some recent tallies on livestock kills by wolves include: 1,824 confirmed wolf killings of cattle, sheep and dogs in the state from 2003-2009. (Info sourced from fishandgame.Idaho.gov,2010 USDA  study on wolf impacts in ID).

To see a larger version of the Montana wolf population map, visit: http://fwp.mt.gov/fishAndWildlife/management/wolf/population.html

Montana 2014627 total wolves, 78 breeding pairs (shared with WY and ID). Confirmed livestock depredations by wolves in Montana included 50 cattle, 24 sheep, three horses and one goat in 2013. (Sourced from: http://billingsgazette.com/news/state-and-regional/montana/montana-wolf-population-remains-stable-at/article_6d8e1206-6052-5cf9-bccc-543e307a46f5.html#ixzz3O4ms8lBX)

To see a larger version of these maps visit: http://wgfd.wyo.gov/web2011/wildlife-1000380.aspx

Wyoming 201430 packs, 306 wolves. Confirmed wolf kills in 2013 included 33 calves, seven cows, 33 sheep, a dog and a goat. Wolves injured another six cattle, two sheep and a horse, domestic bison and another dog. (Sourced from: http://www.jhnewsandguide.com/news/environmental/wyoming-wolf-population-grows/article_2999fd69-1a0b-5560-b75b-aff26b1166c2.html ) The federal protections for wolves in Wyoming were recently reinstated by a federal court judge in Sept. 2014: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/24/us/protection-for-wolves-is-restored-in-wyoming.html?_r=0

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